**Click here for part 1.
The history of gun control and the second amendment, though they appear to coincide with the fear of political extremes and the existence of dangerous men with assault weapons laying claim to the right to have them, in most cases since the Revolutionary War, seems to only correspond to initiatives by those in authority; under the guise of liberalism, to introduce more legislation to limit what constitutionally cannot be limited. It usually takes the form of news that there are more guns in the hands of the citizenry than the ability of law enforcement to deal with it. The original intent of the law was to ensure that citizens had access to guns to fill the ranks of miltia regulars in the narrow view that the government would never be able to employ and maintain a professional army.
Prior to the American Revolution there was neither budget nor manpower nor government desire to maintain a full-time army. Therefore, the armed citizen-soldier carried the responsibility. Service in militia, including providing one’s own ammunition and weapons, was mandatory for all men—just as registering for military service upon turning eighteen is today. Yet, as early as the 1790s, the mandatory universal militia duty gave way to voluntary militia units and a reliance on a regular army. Throughout the 19th century the institution of the civilian militia began to decline.
There was a collective belief that the government‘s role was to honor and protect the American people; therefore it was the citizen’s duty to obey their officials and law enforcement. Unfortunately, changes brought about by the industrial revolution and an unforeseen partnership with private enterprise and the American political system rapidly changed the way Americans saw their government.