Anti-Blackness exists within our mosques, and Black Muslims are being marginalised at the hands of others in the Muslim community in the UK.
There are over 1500 mosques in the UK, many of which lack diversity on their committees. Some mosques even have enshrined in their constitution that no other ethnic group can be a member of their committee. It is therefore not a surprise that some mosques in the UK are anti-Black and exclusionary for those not from the dominant South Asian background. The fact that some mosques are established by non-Black Muslims is not a justification to use the house of Allāh as a place to enforce ethnic superiority under the guise of cultural preservation.
Muslims of South Asian descent make up the largest group in the British Muslim community, so there is a widespread conflation amongst both Muslims and non-Muslims that being a ‘Muslim’ and ‘Asian’ are synonymous. This has led to the exclusion of Muslims from African and Caribbean backgrounds. In a survey conducted by the Black Muslim Forum, 54% of participants felt that they did not belong to their local mosque, with respondents sharing their experience of ‘being stared at’ in mosques. This is something that I have personally experienced in many mosques across the country, in addition to getting questioned about my purpose of being in the mosque, or someone asking me to share my ‘revert story’ even though I was born a Muslim and Islam has been in my family for many generations.
From the Moors of North Africa who came to Elizabethan England, to the sailors that helped established the first mosque in Liverpool in 1889, Black Muslims have long been a part of the British landscape before South Asian migrants arrived in the 1960s. According to the 2011 census, Black Muslims make up 10% of the British Muslim population, although some have challenged this and believe the figures to be far higher. A study into anti-Blackness amongst non-Black Muslims within the UK found that 97% of people believe that the Muslim community in the UK is not doing enough to tack the issue of racism. It is often the case that the congregational prayers (at least in major cities) will include Black Muslims, with mosques ready to take donations and free volunteer work from its diverse congregation. Yet some of these mosques marginalise the very same people from being part of their decision-making boards. It is time that we call out the racism that permeates within our mosques and the wider Muslim community.
Recently, the Muslim Council of Britain issued a strong statement of solidarity and support towards the Black Lives Matter movement. The statement quotes a verse from the Holy Qur’ān, which states:
“O you who believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witness of Allāh, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allāh is more worthy of both. So follow not personal inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allāh is ever with what you do, Acquainted.”
This verse is a powerful reminder of the obligation and duty placed on Muslims by Allāh to stand firm against injustice. We have seen mosques and community leaders use this very same quote when standing up in support for causes like freedom for Palestine or the treatment of refugees and Muslims abroad. Yet this same passion is needed closer to home to root out anti-Blackness from our mosques and communities. The Yaqeen Institute sets a strong example globally of what mosques should be doing to become more inclusive of Black Muslims. In the UK, Green Lane Masjid offers an example of good practice with a diverse team and activities that cater for Black and minority groups within the community.
As an inclusion officer who specialises in race and ethnicity, I believe that Islam has a strong anti-racism stance. In order to tackle anti-Blackness in our mosques and communities, we need to become anti-racist and establish inclusive communities that foster a sense of belonging for Black Muslims. Becoming anti-racist is a process that mosques across the country need to engage with. This starts by acknowledging that there is a problem with anti-Blackness and that racism is deeply embedded in our communities. This needs to be followed by actively listening to the experiences of Black Muslims, as well as the appointing of Black people onto representative roles on committees, boards, and as Imams. There needs to be regular training on cultural competency and meaningful community engagement for Imams, khatībs, and others involved in the running of our mosques. Finally, as individual members of the mosque, we need to hold accountable those who have roles of leadership and call out any acts of anti-Blackness or racial injustice.
If mosques refuse to act on this issue or are enforcing discriminatory practices, it becomes our duty to hold them to account and not accept this. We must remember our duty to Allāh to stand up against injustice, even if it is against ourselves.
Are we in denial about racism?
Stay tuned for the next part where we’ll discuss solutions in more detail inshāAllāh. Have your own ideas? Share them in the comments below.
 Al-Qur’ān 4:135
The first claim made in the opening paragraph seems to be unsubstantiated by the referenced BBC article? Please clarify.
Wslm. Excellent article. As an Asian, have seen far too often the exclusion and condescension of mosque committees to Asians who don’t belong to their ‘locality back home’, let alone black Muslims. This is best exemplified by the almost total absence of committee members of black origin. Indeed most mosque committees are invariably people of very similar backgrounds; so you’ll be hard pressed to find many where there are a mixture of say, Gujrati Indians with Pakistanis and Bengalis – note they’re all ‘Asian’ muslims.
Clarifying this point is exposing the truth, nothing more, nothing less. Jumanah, I’m afraid has got the wrong end of the stick as this has nothing to do with stoking disunity.
We shouldn’t hide behind shallow slogans about ‘causing fitna’ to try to make out that there isn’t massive anti black feeling amongst Muslims from the Indian subcontinent in our masjids and wider community. We treat black people worse than in the wider UK community, which has benefitted from decades of diversity agendas and initiatives.
In fact EVEN dark skinned DESI people from the Subcontinent are discriminated against eg. in the marriage market. So actual black African/Caribbean people will have it worse still.
Just a quick reply to those that have commented on the article:
May Allah increase you all in beneficial knowledge. Barrakah Allahufeek for your comment Waleed, Adham and Ahmed.
Jumanah, unfortunately it is because of these divisions that I write this article to share a light on the problem and why it needs to be addressed. My article doesn’t blame Asians, rather it exposes the corruption and fitnah that needs to be addressed in our Mosques.
We do not want animosity amongst ourselves and that is why I propose solutions and way forward in addressing this problem that exist in our community. You quote our Prophet SAW yet you do not fully understand that He (SAW) did not shy away from talking about injustices made against people because of their race and background. In fact He (SAW) corrected those who were wrong and set the examples and criteria that we must aspire to meet so if we see people falling short of this then our duty is to address it and not ignore it.
I hope you now understand that and I pray Allah grant you goodness and the ability to recognise an injustice and act upon it.
If division and fitnah is what your interpretation of this article has been, then I think it may be worthwhile to re-read the article.
The essence of the article is to bring about inclusivity and unity amongst the ummah, with a particular focus on the UK.
Am sorry to say that i see no use for this article to be published.
All you are doing now is creating fitnah between muslims where it shouldn’t be, there are many people with different minds who can read your article and think “oh, he is right, from now on i will never pray in a mosque full of asians” ! Then the blame and the sin will be on you for stopping that person from praying in Allah’s house.
No one owns a mosque no asians nor black nor white nor Arab, all mosques are for Allah and we all as muslim we are one body as our prophet peace be upon him said. If you had any bad personal experience with a particularl person or a group then just make duaa for them as they are truly ignorant, and i am 100% sure if the prophet was alive he would approach this matter in a different smart way just for the sake of avoiding the fitnah, as we all know fitnah leads to division and thats what the Shaytan and other enemies want, just remember what Allah said in the quran : ” The fitna is worse than killing”. (والفتنة أشد من القتل).
We are living in a harsh time and all we want is to ask Allah the almighty to keep us all united and grant us the strength to keep holding on our deen.
We don’t want any more of unnecessary division in our Ummah.
Bilal Ibnu Rabah was a black Sahabi and we all know that he was the best and he was chosen by the prophet peace be upon him to call for the prayer. Al barae Ibnu ‘Azib was black and many more Sahaba were and this was never an issue on their time, they all were united and forgiving and loving each other for Allah’s sake.
Remember the Hadith : “There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, nor for a non-Arab over an Arab. Neither is the white superior over the black, nor is the black superior over the white — except by piety.”
So we all EQUAL, Allah does not look at our bodies or colours nor race but he looks at our hearts and deeds.
So please just stop publishing such thing, we need to be united. And our weapon is the Duaa. So brothers and sister keep making duaa for the ummah and excuse the ignorant people and forgive them.
Just for reference iam an Arab.
Jazakum Allah khairan
Alhamdullilah, thank you for shining light on this topic with this timely article. You are on point regarding the discrimination of Black African and Caribbean Muslims within our mosques is disheartening.
In sha Allah, identifying that this is an issue is the first step to addressing it diligently.
A very well written article about a problem I was not aware of, however, being from an arab country I can’t deny the fact that black people are always looked down upon. It takes a brave person like Robiu to make this world a better place for our kids and grandkids and I’m looking forward to many more articles from this writer!
What kind of a better place ?? By creating fitnah and teaching our kids the division instead of uniting ??
كل غلط في غلط.