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Urging the Muslims to perform Qunut for Muslims in Gaza

All praise is due to Allah, the One who hears that which is not heard by others, the one who provides relief from adversity and misfortune. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Prophet, his family and all of his Companions.

It is clearly apparent to the entire world that the imprisoned and occupied people of Gaza are facing an extremely appalling situation where the Israeli state of terror has unleashed an arsenal one would perhaps feel more appropriate for a world superpower. Such tyranny has resulted in hundreds of casualties ranging from elderly people to those including women and children. The situation is further exacerbated by the constant state of siege which prevents relief work entering the Strip stoking a serious humanitarian crisis that could quite easily down spiral into a tragedy of historic proportions. The ongoing oppression of the helpless Gazans necessitates the utmost support for them by all possible means, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said “A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He neither oppresses him nor humiliates him nor looks down upon him. The piety is here, (and while saying so) he pointed towards his chest thrice. It is a serious evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother Muslim. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his brother in faith; his blood, his wealth and his honor.”[1] One key method of support for our brethren is to perform the Qunut during supplication, a practice sanctified by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and used during times of adversity which had afflicted the Muslims. A very famous example is that of the incident when one of the Arab tribes betrayed and killed reciters of the Qur’an that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had sent to them. Similarly, in another incident, he (peace be upon him) also supplicated that Allah save some of his Companions from the plots of the Quraysh. Both of these narrations are found in the two famous authentic books of hadith (al-Bukhari and Muslim).

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) wanted to supplicate against someone or for someone, standing from ruku’ (the bowing position) he would say, “Allah hears him who praises Him, to you is the praise” then saying, “Oh Allah, save Al-Walid ibn Al-Walid, Salamah ibn Hashim, Iyash ibn Abi Rab’iah, and the oppressed believers. Oh Allah, put hardship and pressure on the tribe of Mudar and give them years of famine like those during the time of Yusuf.” He would supplicate out aloud and in the Fajr (early morning) prayer he would say: “Oh Allah, curse so and so”, cursing some tribes of Arabs until Allah revealed: “Not for you is the decision whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punish them; they are the evildoers.”

The Qunut takes place after ruku’ in the last rak’ah (unit) of all obligatory (maktubah) prayers, whether the prayer is silent or loud when performed in congregation. There is no harm if it be confined only to the loud prayers since there is no explicit evidence concerning this; as such the matter is flexible.There is no harm in the Qunut commencing with a supplication against the oppressors without mentioning the praises of Allah, indeed it seems to be closer to the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the prophetic traditions previously mentioned. Conversely, there is also no restriction on the commencement of the Qunut with praising Allah due to the generality of his statement, “If anyone supplicates, let him begin with praising Allah, thereafter invoking salah on the Prophet, then supplicating for what he wishes.” The same applies to invoking prayers upon the Prophet (peace be upon him), that it to say that the matter is flexible.It should be kept in mind that the Qunut which is used during the Witr[2] should not be used, because this (assuming that it is authentically reported as the Qunut of Witr) is mentioned in a specific context and not as a general method. The Qunut for adversity is performed for an entirely different situation whereby different mannerisms are prescribed for it. It is recommended to limit the supplication to the calamity and not to prolong it by mentioning other things, this method being in compliance with the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The supplication should be pronounced loudly by the Imam, and those who follow him should respond by saying, aamin, that is to say that aamin should proceed statements that contain a form of request. Furthermore, when the Imam praises or glorifies Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent, those who follow him should keep quiet, neither saying aamin, Ya Allah, or Subhanaka (or anything similar), a view strongly held by various Tabi’in (followers of the Companions) and fuqaha (legal jurists) in several texts. Once the specific calamity passes, the Imam should stop performing this Qunut in prayers.

The individual is obligated to follow the Imam when he performs Qunut, even if the individual following the Imam is in disagreement with this juristic opinion.This is because following the Imam in that which does not invalidate the prayer is obligatory. The Qunut in the view of those who do not allow it does not invalidate the prayer; the discussion is only regarding whether the Qunut is a Sunnah (an encouraged action) or not, that is to say, its permissibility is not denied.

Muslims are advised to leave off extremities by beautifying the Qunut with poetic words, and instead, we should try to employ the supplications of the Messenger (peace be upon him) which were succinct and comprehensive in meaning. Furthermore, we must supplicate sincerely internally reflecting on the true nature of that which we request, this will be a means for it to be answered by Allah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Know that Allah will not answer a supplication arising from a negligent and heedless heart.” In conclusion, we ask Allah (alone) by His most beautiful names and most lofty attributes to remove the adversity Muslims face all over the world, for He (alone) is the One able to do so, the All-Capable.

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Notes:

Source: www.islam21c.com

[1] Sahih Muslim

[2] “Allahumma ihdina fi man hadayt…”

About Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad

Dr. Haitham al-Haddad is a jurist and serves as a judge for the Islamic Council of Europe. He has studied the Islamic sciences for over 20 years under the tutelage of renowned scholars such as the late Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia as well as the retired Head of the Kingdom's Higher Judiciary Council. He specialises in many of the Islamic sciences and submitted his doctoral thesis on Islamic jurisprudence concerning Muslim minorities. Shaikh Haitham is highly respected having specialised knowledge in the field of fiqh, usul al-fiqh, maqasid al-shari'ah, ulum al-Qur’an, tafsir, aqidah, and fiqh al-hadith. He provides complex theories which address the role of Islamic jurisprudence within a western environment whilst also critically re-analysing the approach of Islamic jurists in forming legal rulings (ifta’) within a western socio-political context. He has many well known students most of whom are active in dawah and teaching in the West. The shaikh is an Islamic jurist (faqih) and as such is qualified to deliver verdicts as a judge under Islamic law, a role he undertakes at the Islamic Council of Europe as Islamic judge and treasurer. Dr Haitham al-Haddad also sits on various the boards of advisors for Islamic organisations, mainly in the United Kingdom but also around the world.

4 comments

  1. It is not the least we can do!
    Assalam alaikum wa RahmatUllah

    JazakAllahu khairan shaikh. Many people say we cannot do anything but make dua. This may be true in a way because of lack of means, but it belittles the role of Dua, and through a ploy of shaitan to stop us doing it. It is the greatest weapon, because we are standing before the Lord of the universe, our Lord and their Lord, and beseeching him. We are standing in His court and beseeching Him. Can we compare that to standing before and asking some unjust weak prime minister at 10 Downing street or some illiterate at the White hut? Allah is listening and He is witnessing the oppression, as the Prophet said, ‘ Fear the dua of the oppressed, for there is no veil between him and Allah.’ We do not know whose dua was answered that lead to the Israeli’s ‘friendly fire’ incident, and whose life may have been spared.

    We don’t know when the answer will come and how, but Allah is listening to the hundreds of millions of Muslims – to each and every single one of us – and He said, “invoke Me and I will respond to you.”

    What can they do – stop us from calling upon Allah ?! Why should they worry , if they do not believe in Allah, and that they are the chosen people.

    But Allah will respond to our call in the ways that we have been told by the Messenger (salla Allahu alahi wasallam). As for when, then that is with Allah, but we should not be hasty.

    ” And do not think Allah to be heedless of what the unjust do; He only respites them to a day on which the eyes shall be fixedly open,
    Hastening forward, their heads upraised, their eyes not reverting to them and their hearts vacant.
    And warn people of the day when the chastisement shall come to them, then those who were unjust will say: O our Lord! respite us to a near term, (so) we shall respond to Thy call and follow the messengers.
    What! did you not swear before (that) there will be no passing away for you!
    And you dwell in the abodes of those who were unjust to themselves, and it is clear to you how We dealt with them and We have made (them) examples to you.
    And they have indeed planned their plan, but their plan is with Allah, though their plan was such that the mountains should pass away thereby.
    Therefore do not think Allah (to be one) failing in His promise to His messengers; surely Allah is Mighty, the Lord of Retribution.”

    May Allah give victory to the believers and punish the oppressors.

  2. praying alone
    Jazaka Allah Khayr sheykh, can the qunoot be read where one is performing one of the obligatory salah on his own?

  3. wording
    JazakAllah khayr shaykh, could you please put up an example of the arabic and/or english wording to use so that brothers and sister can memorise what to say for a particular qunut?

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