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The Prophet’s Final Sermon



A translated and referenced version of the The Farewell Sermon delivered by the Prophet, salla Allah ‘alayhi wa sallam, on the day of ‘Arafah, the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, 10 A.H. (632 CE), during his hajj.

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About Shaikh Abu Rumaysah Refi Shafi

Abu Rumaysah Refi Shafi was born and brought up in High Wycombe. He currently studies with Shaykh Haitham Al-Haddad and, previously, Shaykh Abu AbdiRahman Al-Libee. He graduated from Imperial College from the faculty of Electronic Engineering. He currently works as a Software Engineer and is the chairman of WISE (Wycombe Islamic Society). He is very active in his local community, especially with his Masjid and working with youth. He has translated a number of books such as 'The Criterion between the Friends of Allah and the Friends of Shaytan,' and 'Relief from Distress (the Dua of Yunus 'alayhī al-Salām),' both by Ibn Taymiyyah as well as many others. He has also written an explanation of Surah al-Fatihah called ‘The Spiritual Cure.’ He currently gives weekly circles in High Wycombe on a variety of topics covering aqidah, fiqh, hadith, tafsir and Arabic Language. He is also a Lecturer for MRDF.


  1. Shafkat Pervaiz

    The Prophets Final Sermon
    Bis milaah arrahma nirraheem.
    My advise to my Shia brothers … Get rid of the Hatred that you carry in your hearts .. So much hatred that your whole life character changes and molds and becomes a manifestation of its evil intensity… Your view points, your reasoning, your thoughts, your actions…
    Remember as long as your pronounce the Shahadah of La ila ha illalla , Mohammed ur Rasool ulllah you are a Muslim, and as the Prophet ( sws ) has time and time again told us that all Muslims are Brothers .. work towards making that a reality.
    Our focal point should always be Allah (swt) and his Prophet (sws).. Love Allah (swt) and Love the Prophet (sws). LOVE and DO NOT HATE those that the Prophet (sws) Loved… and that includes Abu Bakr (ra), Umar (ra), Uthman (ra),, Ali (ra) and Aisha (ra).
    Remember the Kuffar ( aided by Shaytaan and his army of Shaiyateen ) have an agenda … They have Always had one .. which they have very successfully used and continue to use to break us up into ‘sects’ .. Fighting each other in every way possible.. Do not allow yourself to become instruments of their evil intentions .. WAKE UP to the fact that we NEED to become ONE UMMAH again .. Just like we were during the Prophets time .. We need to bring about a change .. A change from within ourselves ..
    Let us understand that this change will be hard, but it is Achievable.
    We have to make a start .. and the time is NOW …
    Every MUSLIM has a role to play here ..
    Remember the decision is yours and yours alone ( for which you will be held accountable on the day of judgement ).. Did you chose to continue being a part of the Problem or did you chose to work towards becoming a part of the Solution?
    Wa bill ahi Taufiq.
    Your brother-in-Islam.

  2. Reply to راضیه
    Well we don’t reject Ahlulbayt (may Allah send peace on them)…and the hadith is fine as there is the book and the sunnah and the Ahlulbayt (may Allah send peace on them) as there are different narrations of the same thing and all of them are correct…sorry but I hear many sunnis talking about Ahlulbayt (may Allah send peace on them) and Hussein (radiallahanhu) sorry if you do not know any sunni scholars who do. Maybe you are hearing certain unlearned scholars who are ignorant of such topics. Maybe you are listening to some scholars who are not following fiqh (even Imam Bukhari (rahmatuallh) followed an imam), the complete prayer is according to fiqh not hadith alone. By the way, the wives of the prophet are ‘the mothers of the believers’ (as said in the quran 33:6)…yet shias curse some of them…do you curse your own mother? Do you know what the prophet said about the Maqaam (station) of one’s parents and specifically your mother? Now what about a mother of believers? If shias are those believers then would you curse your own mother?…as they are mothers of believers… The prophet’s (sallalahualahyiwas salaams) home (private_ lifestyle was recorded by Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anhum)…you would not have recieved it’s guidance if it wasn’t for someone recording it so thoroughly…and even so…

    Some questions for you…

    why would the Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alahiy wasallaam)let Abu Bakr (radiallahanhu) lead the prayer when absent?

    do you know how Umar (radiallahanhu) converted? If you haven’t heard the story you should…cause The Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alahiy wasallaam) prayed that Allah guide one of two of the opponents of Islam at it’s start… either to guide Abu Jahl or Umar (radiallahanhu)…and guess who converted…it definatley wasn’t Abu Jahl…Umar (radiallahanhu) converted cause Allah accepted the prayer…so you think someone who the Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alahiy wasallaam) prayed to guide to Islam wasn’t guided?

    Why did the Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alahiy wasallaam) marry two of his daughters ( Ruqayyah bint Muhammad – Radhi Allahu Anhum – and Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad – Radhi Allahu Anhum -)to Uthman (radiallahanhu) if he wasn’t believing?

    Not to mention why would the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alahiy wasallaam) have a pledge to fight to the death to avenge Uthman’s (radiallahanhu) rumoured death? And when they made that pledge Allah was pleased with it as is mentioned in the verse 48:18.

    Not to mention here is a hadith: (1) Narrated Anas: The Prophet ascended the mountain of Uhud and Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman were accompanying him. The mountain gave a shake (i.e. trembled underneath them) . The Prophet said, “O Uhud ! Be calm.” I think that the Prophet hit it with his foot, adding, “For upon you there are none but a Prophet, a Siddiq and two martyrs.”

    Not to mention that we will individually be judged so think carefully of whether you have learned enough to believe what you do as you have no solid ground for your beliefs about these individuals. They did more for the religion than you or me…

    There are also other narrations/verses about their virtues.

    The people of truth do not deny Ahlbayt (but they take their knowledge from credible sources)…in my opionion the people on truth are Ahluh sunnah wal jammah who do not deny Ahlulbayt(may Allah send peace on them) or the struggle of Hussein ibn Ali (radiallahanhu) they do not deny the sunnah (sunni imams), they do not deny the hadith (sunni imams), and they do not deny the fiqh of imams (sunni imams) (while giving themselves title of’imam’…imam of fiqh is ‘imam’ for a reason, to be followed, not everyone can reach to the levels of those imams in terms of fiqh – may Allah have mercy on them)…like Imam Mahdi (radiallahanhu)is an ‘imam’ for a reason…so not everyone can claim to be imam. Although I believe you don’t have to get into too much detail about this as everyone is at different points of understanding…

    by the way all the big knowers of Allah over history have been within Ahluh sunnah wal jammah anyways…so who is really accepting Ahlulbayt?(may Allah send peace on them)

    Even after all of that, simply put…Abu Bakr (radiallahanhu) and Umar (radiallahanhu) are buried near the feet of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alahiy wasallaam)! Do you know what kind of honour that is? Do you really think Allah would let someone you claim are enemies to be buried there? Do you not know how blessed the place of burial for the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alahiy wasallaam) is? This alone without all of the above is sufficient if you are a person of understanding. May Allah guide us to the truth.

  3. راضیه


    Thank you for your response. Insha’Allah you are well and becoming closer to our creator.

    Those hadith are very serious, something that is put next to the Qur’an and that if we adher to both of them we will not go astray. Two things the prophet left were the Qur’an and the Ahlulbayt, that’s very importamt!

    When do you ever hear about the Ahlulbayt with the sunni’s? If you’re really adhering to them, then tell me brother, how come you accept someone who took the right of Ali ibn Abu Taleb as the successor of the Prophet?

    Please do not take this the wrong way. Perhaps as Muslims we should engage in more dialog.

  4. Ahl-Bayt
    Ahl-Sunnah have represented and transmitted the legacy of Ahl-Bayt since the very beginning. To simply call your self shia ahlulbayt doesnt make it true. Simply calling yourself hizbullah doesn’t make it so. Simply singing about Ahl-Bayt doesnt make one adherent to the narration above. with salam and best regards.

  5. راضیه

    The messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) said: “I am leaving for you two precious and weighty Symbols that if you adhere to BOTH of them you shall not go astray after me. They are, the Book of Allah, and my progeny, that is my Ahlul-Bayt. The Merciful has informed me that These two shall not separate from each other till they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise).”

    1. Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, pp 662-663,328, report of 30+ companions, with reference to several chains of transmitters.
    2. al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, Chapter of “Understanding (the virtues) of Companions, v3, pp 109,110,148,533 who wrote this tradition is authentic (Sahih) based on the criteria of the two Shaikhs (al-Bukhari and Muslim).
    3. Sunan, by Daarami, v2, p432
    4. Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v3, pp 14,17,26,59, v4, pp 366,370-372, v5, pp 182,189,350,366,419
    5. Fadha’il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p585, Tradition #990
    6. al-Khasa’is, by al-Nisa’i, pp 21,30
    7. al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p230
    8. al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, pp 62-63,137
    9. Kanz al-Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Chapter al-Iti’sam bi Habl Allah, v1, p44.
    10. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (complete version), v4, p113, under commentary of verse 42:23 of Quran (four traditions)
    11. al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, by Ibn Sa’d, v2, p194, Pub. by Dar Isadder, Lebanon.
    12. al-Jami’ al-Saghir, by al-Suyuti, v1, p353, and also in v2
    13. Majma’ al-Zawa’id, al-Haythami, v9, p163
    14. al-Fateh al-Kabir, al-Binhani, v1, p451
    15. Usdul Ghabah fi Ma’rifat al-Sahaba, Ibn al-Athir, v2, p12
    16. Jami’ al-Usul, Ibn al-Athir, v1, p187
    17. History of Ibn Asakir, v5, p436
    18. al-Taj al-Jami’ Lil Usul, v3, p308
    19. al-Durr al-Manthoor, al-Hafidh al-Suyuti, v2, p60
    20. Yanabi al-Mawaddah, al-Qundoozi al-Hanafi, pp 38,183
    21. Abaqat al-Anwar, v1, p16

    … and many more …
    Taken from:
    It is narrated in Sahih Muslim as well as many other sources that:

    Someday (after his last pilgrimage) the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) stood to give us a speech beside a pond which is known as Khum (Ghadir Khum) which is located between Mecca and Medina. Then he praised Allah and reminded Him, and then said: “O’ people! Behold! It seems the time approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer that call. Behold! I am leaving for you two precious things. First of them is the book of Allah in which there is light and guidance… The other one is my Ahlul-Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah about my Ahlul-Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah about my Ahlul-Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah about my Ahlul-Bayt. (three times).”

    * Sahih Muslim, Chapter of the virtues of the companions, section of the virtues of Ali, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, Arabic version, v4, p1873, Tradition #36.
    * And many others such as Sahih al-Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad (see below).

    For the English version of Sahih Muslim, see Chapter CMXCVI, v4, p1286, Tradition #5920
    Taken from:

  6. Historic speech
    JazakAllahu khairan for this work

    It would be helpful to know how this passage was compiled. Is this the translation from Ibn Kathir as is, or have other narrations been referred to to add in statements according to these narrations?
    How is it different from the version that is usually found on posters, and where does that come from.
    With reference to the narration being weak as mentioned in the footnote, is this referring to this particular version of the speech ?
    JazakAllahu khairan

  7. jazakallah khayr
    Jzk to the brother for this valued work of bring together all the different narrations and for this beautful reminder:

    Worship your Lord, pray your five daily prayers, fast the month (of Raman), perform ajj
    to the House, give your zakt without any reluctance, [obey those placed in charge over you],2 and you
    shall enter the Paradise of your Lord

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