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Fatwa | Nude-Body Security Scanners

Praise be to Allah, Lord of all that is created, and may His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad His final messenger.
We have recently been witness to various governments’ approval for installing Full Body Security Scanners (also known as ‘Nude-body Scanners’) at a number of airports in and around the United States and Europe under the guise of protecting society from the threat of terrorism. This move is a clear demonstration of the depravation of morality, which is more than evident after considering the numerous reports that explain the functionality of these scanners. These reports have also been accompanied by images of actual scans that clearly portray the naked bodies of men and women.Such measures are unquestionably an outrage, not only for Muslims, but for all those who represent decency and value their right not to be physically exposed to others. To what extent will such governments continue to infringe upon the personal rights of the people in the supposed name of safety and prevention? How can the trivialisation and legalisation of nudity, as well as infringement on the rights of people be justified by the unsubstantiated pretext that we will all be safer?
Islam, in providing perfect examples for morality and social conduct, calls upon human beings to guard their private parts and deal with matters of sexuality in an honourable way, and thus, in setting the precedence for decency, Allah the Most High states:

“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts. That is purer for them. Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what they do. And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and protect their private parts, and not to show off their adornment…” (Surah Noor 24:30-31)
In discussing the affair of those who are successful, Allah the Most High states,

“Successful indeed are the believers…those who guard their private parts.” (Surah Mu’minun 23:1, 23:5)
In addition to this, the Prophet (PBUH) commanded,

“Protect your private parts except from your wives or those whom your right hands possess.”
It is the intrinsic nature, or fiṭrah, of human beings to protect themselves from indecent exposure, as indeed it is confirmed that when the private parts of Adam and Eve were exposed (due to their sin), they endeavoured to cover themselves although no other human being was present. Furthermore, it is undoubtedly a fact that all normal, conscientious human beings feel humiliated and embarrassed at being indecently exposed in front of others, and it goes against any semblance of a civilised society to inflict this on others.

Several human rights and religious groups have expressed their disapproval and opposition of such scanners on the grounds of violation of privacy and human dignity. From amongst these groups, The Fiqh Council of North America published the following fatwa:

“The Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) emphasizes that a general and public use of such scanners is against the teachings of Islam, natural law and all religions and cultures that stand for decency and modesty.

It is a violation of clear Islamic teachings that men or women be seen naked by other men and women. Islam highly emphasizes ‘haya’ (modesty) and considers it part of faith. The Qur’an has commanded the believers, both men and women, to cover their private parts. Human beings are urged to be modest in their dress.
[See Holy Quran, 7:26-27; 24:30-31; 33:59.]
Exception to this rule can be made in case of extreme necessity, such as medical treatment, to investigate a crime or in a situation of imminent danger. There must be a compelling case for the necessity and the exemption to this rule must be proportional to the demonstrated need.

FCNA fully supports the necessary measures for the safety and protection of all passengers. It is, however, deeply concerned about the use of nude body scanners for this purpose. FCNA recommends that instead of producing and displaying a picture of the body, software should be designed to produce only the picture of questionable materials on an outline of the body
.”

Further, other technologies could be used that detect the presence of explosives without infringing on modesty as some European leaders have pointed out.

FCNA appreciates the alternate provision of pat-down search (when needed) and therefore recommend to Muslims to avail this option over the nude body scanners.

As for the scanners themselves, such an ‘improvement’ in current security measures is neither required nor warranted. The pretext under which the scanners were introduced, namely the most recently alleged attempt to bring an airliner down over the Atlantic, is by no means a substantiating excuse, given that the Dutch airport (from where the alleged conspirator boarded the plane) failed to implement even the most basic of security measures (such as metal or chemical detectors, or even a passport!), let alone more stringent processes such as those previously found at Heathrow or JFK airport. The fact that there have been no successful attacks by conspirators flying from the UK or the US demonstrates that the existing security measures preceding the scanners were clearly sufficient.


Furthermore, the speed at which the scanners were introduced after the alleged attack implies that there was a plan to implement this scheme before the attack and certain agencies were merely waiting for a pretext by which they could put it into practice. However, whether this was the case or not, there exists no definitive reason as to why these scanners must be used at airports, and beyond being an infringement of our rights, there exists no consistent argument as to why previous security measures may have been insufficient.

It is compulsory for all Muslims to exert every possible effort to prevent the implementation of Body Scanners. At present it is merely in its trial phase whereby airports are attempting to normalize the procedure with a view to normalize the validity of its use in the minds of common individuals. Furthermore, we call upon all human beings to rise against this violation of our rights and exercise all possible means to stop this breach of morality and cause of degradation.

It is also obligatory upon Muslim groups and individuals of the west to exercise whatever power they have and apply pressure on their government to stop the use of such scanners. This includes writing to their MPs, Councilors, influential people and government agencies. It also constitutes marching against this unwarranted imposition; it should be condemned by working with civil liberty groups and lawyers to expose its violation of basic human rights that are also protected by Islam. Muslims living in Muslim countries should also apply pressure on their governments to exercise their influence on western governments to stop the use of these scanners. This includes the refusal to send their students or citizens to such countries in which these scanners are in operation. Muslims elsewhere are commanded to forbid this iniquity as much as they can by boycotting countries and sending letters of condemnation to the embassies of such governments involved.

We must remember that each one of us will be held accountable for the failure to act in forbidding evil and calling for righteousness. Indeed Allah the Most High states,

“And when a community among them said: “Why do you preach to a people whom Allah is about to destroy or to punish with a severe torment?” (The preachers) said: ‘In order to be free from guilt before your Lord (God), and perhaps they may fear Allah.’” (Al A’raaf 7:164)
As for those who find that they have no option other than to fly, they should demand that the one operating the scanner is of the same sex and ensure that the picture is deleted directly after the scan.

May Allah guide us all to what is good and righteous, and may He save us from the evil of others and ourselves. May Allah’s peace and blessing be upon His final Messenger, Muhammad, his family, his companions, and all those who follow in righteousness.
 


Notes:
Source: www.islam21c.com

About Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad

Dr. Haitham al-Haddad is a jurist and serves as a judge for the Islamic Council of Europe. He has studied the Islamic sciences for over 20 years under the tutelage of renowned scholars such as the late Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia as well as the retired Head of the Kingdom's Higher Judiciary Council. He specialises in many of the Islamic sciences and submitted his doctoral thesis on Islamic jurisprudence concerning Muslim minorities. Shaikh Haitham is highly respected having specialised knowledge in the field of fiqh, usul al-fiqh, maqasid al-shari'ah, ulum al-Qur’an, tafsir, aqidah, and fiqh al-hadith. He provides complex theories which address the role of Islamic jurisprudence within a western environment whilst also critically re-analysing the approach of Islamic jurists in forming legal rulings (ifta’) within a western socio-political context. He has many well known students most of whom are active in dawah and teaching in the West. The shaikh is an Islamic jurist (faqih) and as such is qualified to deliver verdicts as a judge under Islamic law, a role he undertakes at the Islamic Council of Europe as Islamic judge and treasurer. Dr Haitham al-Haddad also sits on various the boards of advisors for Islamic organisations, mainly in the United Kingdom but also around the world.

39 comments

  1. Hi there everyone, it’s my first visit at this web page, and article is truly fruitful for me, keep up posting these
    posts.

  2. First they came for us, but no one cared, then…….. .
    As I remember my His-OurStories, when tyrants/oppressors start with the annihilation/abuse/oppression of ONE group, for whatever reason(s), they NEVER stop at that. Also comimg from a military family, I learned about “Divide and Conquer” and “Getting people to keep their eyes on the hole, not the ‘donut’ “. Keep arguing while the ship is sinking, the sharks are waiting.

  3. Nude Body Security Scanners (NBSS)
    The introduction of these so called security scanners is a mere violation of human privacy and devastation of human dignity which should not be condoned at all cost .

    May Allah Ta ala destroy these devils, called the inventors .

    I have noted with great concern that brothers are busy exchanging criticisms on who is right or wrong .Brothers we should avoid this because we are derailing from the whole purpose of commenting on the subject of the matter.

    May Allah Ta aala guide us aright

  4. Nassir Hussain

    International Boycott of Body Scanners (IBBS) Petition
    Please sign these petition and forward to all you know.

    http://petitions.number10.gov.uk/Body-Scans/

    http://www.petitiononline.com/IBBS/petition.html

    Barakallah Feek

  5. Give each their choice
    Arrange for a room just outside the scanner so that each person may choose to use or not. Those that do go through the normal airline process.

    Those that don’t go into a second room where someone can arrange for a plane to take all those of a similar view to their destination.
    What could be fairer?

    John

  6. Security Nude Body Scanners
    I felt deeply shocked and disturbed when I read about these scanners for the first time. I am a woman and since I heard about them-I feel this deep averseness to travel to or through any of these countries cringing by the thought-that I would be exposed in such a way. Although I have social reasons to travel and travelling to these countries could add to my happiness but I pray to Almighty-not to create any impending need for me to travel to these countries-I feel deep unrest within my mind about the installation of these scanners.

  7. may allah give these people hidayah
    and make duaa to allah that some how they banne scanners

  8. may allah curce that person that invented this scanner and this is against the sharia

  9. AA and his rants
    AA stop ranting like that. Its obvious that you dont like muslims. why dont you go to a bnp seminar where language like yours will be more accepted

  10. mr
    AA seems to be a very angry person and is being quite rude in his remarks to other brothers and sisters. I suggest AA should retire and contemplate the wording of his comments

  11. hocus pocus conspiracy theories
    Jazak Allah Khayran to Isalm21c for allowing me, in 3 posts above, to offer sentiments that went in contravention to that of the post in general.

    With the desperately odd and depraved comments that ‘victor’ has made this debate has shut down on my part at least – there’s no point in engaging such astonishing ignorance and/or vileness.

    I pray that his unsubstantiated and unwarranted delusions are not shared by most Muslims on this forum. This sort of falsity – evangelical & wacky conspiracy theory in nature – is damaging to the overall muslim cause.

    Moreover it clearly implies that either:
    1. He/she is one of those that believes 9/11, 7/7 and plane bomb attempts were all carried out/masterminded by jews/s’thing similar
    2. or that he/she clearly respects and exalts suicide bombers and their vile, despicable supporters.

    Both are foul; and it is not arrogant to challenge uncritical and polarised statements from Muslims. It is however arrogant and immoral to defend evil kharijis from from murdering other muslims. To deny their doing such acts in the first place is to defend them.
    May Allah bless the ummah in its revival and give it strenth upon strength and cleanse it of facileness and ignorance. Ameen

  12. whats wrong with just the normal body search routine with hands

  13. @AA – you’re clearly trying to pick arguements by the way you are arrogantly jumping on the necks of the people who have made statements as to why they think the scanners are not a good idea – further trying to make others seem stupid and yourself to seem more informed, by throwing insults.
    what was written in my post was due to the fact that the writer of the first post and others have brought it to our reminder that previous security methods employed to stop any attempts of masacre has not failed, whilst others who have been kind enough to offer their opinion seem to be under the illusion that the introduction of body scanners is now a fool proof method.
    as for the accusation of damaging faith – be reminded that as the case for war ie weapons of mass destruction is continuing to be proven to be false, so is the once supposed fact that MUSLIMS were the perpertrators of the 9/11 twin towers attack being proven false as the writer BB has tried to indicate to you, yet you choose to slander the muslims with part of your statement sounding like this “beginning with the twin towers, the London underground massacre, and then at least 2 attempts to blow up planes – all by MUSLIMS. “

  14. @victor & BB
    Well done victor for another not so profound post.
    You were not clear at all and what you wrote came across as facile. If your communication skills are poor then it’s something you can work on inshaAllah. Allah’s speech is not childish (na’authobillah) but your projection of its contents most certainly is.
    I don’t need to pick an argument with anyone – Allahu Must’an – i’m just disappointed that perhaps people like yourself function more to damage our faith than to support it.

    BB – the FCNA recommendations would be wonderful if proven effective; i hope they can be implemented as an alternative asap. Jzk. wassalam

  15. @AA
    @AA I’m not saying that at all – Is there any point in me echoing what others have already said and more to the point – is the speech of Allah’s childish? as this is what he reminds us of in Qur’an. pick an arguement with someone else.

  16. ..
    Dear AA, regarding your comment on ‘other methods’ : “FCNA recommends that instead of producing and displaying a picture of the body, software should be designed to produce only the picture of questionable materials on an outline of the body.”

    Further, other technologies could be used that detect the presence of explosives without infringing on modesty as some European leaders have pointed out.

    FCNA appreciates the alternate provision of pat-down search (when needed) and therefore recommend to Muslims to avail this option over the nude body scanners.”[i][/i][i][/i]”

    secondly 9/11 was an inside job- there i substantial evidence for this. see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KAdwy5IJzj4&feature=related

    thirdly, Islam condemns the killing of innocent people, just because a few idiots decide to blow themselves up doesn’t mean Islam is to blame. Is terrorism a Muslim Monopoly?? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utHBJmQIz7g&feature=related

    No one is refuting the necessity of security measures, but there should at least be a dignified approach. Its not just smuggling explosive weapons that is the issue, it is also to target drug smugglers..

    love, BB

  17. @victor
    I’ve never heard anything so tragically childish from an adult.
    Fate is fate; but we still need to do our part, take all necessary steps towards a particular goal and then trust in Allah.

    By your logic, all Muslim armies should dismantle, people should stop taking their medical treatment, no one should bother going to earn a living any more etc – since all rizq and death is written.

    Some Muslims really love projecting an image of backwardness on to themselves.

    Keep up the good work victor.

  18. The Inevitable
    Sign of
    the
    times.
    Qiyamat is here

    :'(
    😮
    🙂

  19. mr
    For all who say that they are for the obsurdity of these body scanners because it is a safety measure – Realise this – Regardless if someone has entered into your mode of transport with a bomb strapped to them or some other kamakaze method in mind – You cannot die until the time written for you to die is reached so regardless of bomb or not – the day people die is the day that the angels of death were assigned their duties to take the individual back to their creator (or do you think hiding in a tower or burying yourself in a trench will save you from the command)?

  20. director
    Should not be approved.. this is a disgusting attack on our modesty….

  21. i agree it should not be used

  22. Salam
    I cover for a reason, that reason is to protect my modest, my beauty and because Allah Almight has told Muslims’ to do so. Furthermore with the rise of rape cases and teenager pregnancy, why be the subject of the matter? Now, this country strongly believes in free of speech and right, so where is the right to say no to the full body scanner? The body scanner goes agaisnt freedom of right and the freedom of speech which means it has ultimatly gone agaisnt the countries words of “freedom of speech”

  23. Khayer Chowdhury

    My security
    I’m flying out to Saudi in a very short while and to be honest, I prefer the security services to take all necessary precautions (including full body scans) to ensure I get there safely. I wouldn’t want a guy with explosives strapped onto his leg sharing the same plane as me because some civil liberty campaigners didn’t want his rights breached. And i’m pretty sure all those who campaign against these rigorous airport checks will agree with me unanimously when it comes to their own flights!

  24. In this post i make reference to 2 fatwas made available to read on the MRDF forum (one by Dr. Khalid and the other this one by sh. Haitham). Both unfortunately serve merely to reinforce the growing sentiment that Islamic scholars do not always have the skills or training to run the affairs of people or for that matter states.

    These are not peer reviewed legal verdicts based upon consultation with relevant experts, but instead personal opinions.

    Neither of these fatawa makes any mention whatsoever of the violent extremism clearly present within the Muslim community; the fact that it is a minority is of absolutely no condolence to people (including Muslims) who have died from its consequences.

    Nor is there any allusion whatsoever to that fact that the reason one has to suffer these scanners is a long line of events beginning with the twin towers, the London underground massacre, and then at least 2 attempts to blow up planes – all by MUSLIMS.

    The gentlemen of Sabeel and the scholars who issued these fatawa would perhaps not be so swift if their mothers/wives/daughters etc had been callously murdered by explosives carried on the bodies of extremist, murderous Muslims.

    Page 3 of Dr. Khalid’s fatwa may as well be from some wacky conspiracy theory magazine. I wonder why there is a perpetual reluctance to accept blame upon Muslims. In any case, neither of these fatwas are issued by experts in intelligence as clearly demonstrated by Dr. Khalid’s ‘Human Rights’ comment. Security from being blown up on a plane is also a human right, and more fundamental than the one Dr. Khalid makes reference to. The comments here on this forum make reference to ‘other methods’ but fail to mention them and evidence for their efficacy.

    If the sabeel forum feels so strongly about their own wives etc being exposed, they should also spare a thought for those wives who may be murdered by explosives. At least ‘sabeel’ wives can just refuse to travel; murdered wives are lost forever.

  25. nude body scanner
    This is a clear violation of Article 8 of the Human Rights Act.

  26. ms
    There is no need for these scanners, it is only an invasion of privacy. Who ever thought of these must be a perverted and sick in mind or have no moral respect for themselves or others. I’m sure there are others methods that can be employed to deter the threat of an attack

  27. Umm Abdurahman

    nude body scanner
    This is nothing but insanity. Do something about it: write to your local MP
    : http://www.theyworkforyou.com/
    This is a clear violation of Article 8 of the Human Rights Act. There are alternative measures.

  28. Scanners at aiprot
    As a muslim who understands well what the sheikh has written, is it not high time that we as muslims start to set a good example to others and stop moaning. I regualarly fly the world and welcome all and every security measure to protect me and my fellow fliers from the scum who use islam to bomb and main and kill innocent people. I as a muslim could be just another number for those nasty evil people who commit such crimes against humanity. I say bring in every measure to reign in these evil people and the sooner we rid them from society the more peaceful the world will be. Thank you and peace greetings to all muslim and non muslims.

  29. Please sign the British Petition to stop this….
    Salaams

    I hope that this reaches you in the best of Imaan.

    If you are British then you can sign the petition at the link below. We must stop the government from taking our civil liberties away from us… Jazak Allah Khair

    http://petitions.number10.gov.uk/Body-Scans/

  30. Ahamed Hussain

    ABOUT USA EUROPE NUDE SCANER
    For their fulfill and security reason it’s better to check out for the females should be female security for the males should be male security alone if i am mistaken please forgive me allah.

  31. Salaams, whatever we say, is no use. We need to get serious about getting through to government, to stop this, or at least to give us another way to be checked over, an option rather than a must-do, or you dont fly !! I think it was a setup all along, by this traveller on xmas day.Anything to tie the noose tighter around our necks.God help us !

  32. Ms
    There is no need for these scanners, it is only an invasion of privacy. Who ever thought of these must be a perverted and sick in mind or have no moral respect for themselves or others. I’m sure there are others methods that can be employed to deter the threat of an attack.>:(

  33. Don’t believe the hype.
    JazakAllah khair to the Sheikh for this emphatic and necessary clarification on this worrying development.

    My brothers and sisters commenting in relation to this matter, do NOT be fooled by what the government claims to be their ’cause’ to implement the use of such measures.

    It is now known (as declassified documents have revealed), that governments (particularly in the West) will use ‘false flag operations’ to create a pretext to further their own agendas, even if it means attacking their own people in the guise of their enemy. It is my belief that such a circumstance may well have been concocted with the incident that instigated these body scanners so that Western governments could further increase their hold over populations by another notch, and usurp even more power.

    These people are Fasiqoon, apt to tell whatever lies and deceits they see fit, to further their agendas.

    Take their information with a generous pinch of salt, as they say.

  34. Don’t believe the hype.
    JazakAllah khair to the Sheikh for this emphatic and necessary clarification on this worrying development.

    My brothers and sisters commenting in relation to this matter, do NOT be fooled by what the government claims to be their ’cause’ to implement the use of such measures.

    It is now known (as declassified documents have revealed), that governments (particularly in the West) will use ‘false flag operations’ to create a pretext to further their own agendas, even if it means attacking their own people in the guise of their enemy. It is my belief that such a circumstance may well have been concocted with the incident that instigated these body scanners so that Western governments could further increase their hold over populations by another notch, and usurp even more power.

    These people are Fasiqoon, apt to tell whatever lies and deceits they see fit, to further their agendas.

    Take their information with a generous pinch of salt, as they say.

  35. ..
    BarakAllahuFeek Sheikh,
    MashaAllah I respect your efforts in composing this article. Although I feel it would have been stronger if you mentioned the part that some misguided Muslims have played in the introduction of these so-called ‘security-measures’.

    May Allah make it easier for us all.

  36. JazkAllah Khair Sheikh
    It’s worrying how quickly the government have implemented this process. Its common knowledge that the governments will hide behind the term ‘national security’ as an excuse for their taking away of our civil liberties. They are quickly implementing procedures without the due course being taken and the fact is that these scanners may not even prevent an attack from taking place!

  37. JazkAllah Khair Sheikh.
    It’s worrying how quickly the government have implemented this process. Its common knowledge that the governments will hide behind the term ‘national security’ as an excuse for their taking away of our civil liberties. They are quickly implementing procedures without the due course being taken and the fact is that these scanners may not even prevent an attack from taking place!

  38. Othman Ahmed3

    These scanners are a terrible prospect.

    But criticism must be directed to those who think they are forwarding the cause of the Muslims but don’t think of how these actions lead to more problems without solving a single one. How can they can be in Allah’s pleasure when the Prophet salla Allahu alihi wasallam showed his displeasure with such action. Would the blowing up of people who may not even know where Iraq or Afghanistan are – and their children – have redressed injustices? Would it lead to more obedience to Allah, or more upholding of his laws or prevent his disobedience on earth and stop Muslims from being dealt with unjustly? When they were able to, the Muslims fought Abu Jahal and Abu Lahab face to face, they didn’t attack their women and children and infirm when they were unaware. This is what highway robbers did. End don’t justify means.

    Anyway these scanners are not even supposed to be effective – they will be a waste of money.

  39. rukh
    It is really an outrage, not only for Muslims, but for all those who represent decency and value their right not to be physically exposed to others.8):)

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