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Encouragement for Muslims to Support the people of Syria with Qunut and Supplication

 

All praise is due to Allah, the One who hears both that which is said aloud and in secret, providing relief from calamity and misfortune. May peace and blessings be upon the special elect, the Prophet Muhammad, his family and all of his Companions.

The catastrophic situation the Syrian Muslims are currently facing compel us to (as well as making it an obligation on all Muslims) to support them in any way we can. It should be noted that the Syrian regime is the most brutal and barbaric force in the Middle East. Bashar al-Asad, the current president of Syria is the son of the previous president, Hafiz al-Asad, who killed more than 20,000 Syrians from the city of Hamah in 1982 as well as imprisoning over 50,000 people who remain missing. This wicked family has altered Syria from a source of goodness and delight into a land of fear, sorrow, poverty and misery. They have tried by various means to wipe out both the religious and humanistic nature of a people who have been known throughout history as being scholarly, kind, and generous and courageous. It is very true to say that this regime has acted like a petty gang that has enslaved its people, subjugated them and used them for their own ends. 

We must note that the Syrian revolt against its dictators has shown an incredible level of courage and audacity. In a bid for their freedom more than 100 people are slaughtered everyday with the rest living under the siege by the heavily equipped army that is supposed to protect them. Children, women, eland the elderly are being killed and tortured mercilessly. I previously stated that the way many Western Muslims have responded to atrocities taking place in Syria is heart breaking and fails to reflect a real sense of brotherhood and what it entails. The Prophet said, “The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim; he does not betray him, lie to him or forsake him.”[1]

Had a small version of this massacre been carried out by a western country, we would have seen Muslims marching and speaking out all over the country. Many of us do not realise that the Syrian regime is far worse than western countries in every way, ideologically as well as humanely. We tacitly take part in this massacre by remaining silent and thus put every possible effort into helping the oppressed in Syria.

We say to our brothers and sisters in Syria that all of you are obliged to take part in this historic battle and the revolution should continue and intensify as the end is very near, by the will of Allah.You should not repeat the same mistake some of your forefathers committed by preferring to live in humiliation and keeping quiet rather than standing up for a dignified life. Look at the high price you have had to pay for it. Allah will be with you if you are trulybelievers.

“Truly, Allah defends those who believe. Verily! Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah.”[2]

You need to be more united and start working on drawing up a road map for yourselves in order to set clear objectives for your journey. Muslims are obliged to help their brothers and sisters in Syria. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “aid your brother whether he is an oppressor or the oppressed.”[3]

Supplication is the least we can offer to the oppressed:

Amongst the most important and effective ways of supporting the Syrian people is to make du’aa to Allah to alleviate their hardship, grant them victory and help them to be free of the dictator sooner rather than later.

One of the important forms of supplication is the Qunoot, of whose rules and mannerisms the following is a brief explanation.

1. What is meant here by Qunoot is to supplicate collectively to Allah, Mighty and Magnificent, in obligatory congregational prayers to relieve a calamity that has afflicted a group of Muslims,

2. The main evidence for this type of du’aa is the Qunoot of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) for one full month, when he supplicated against certain Arab tribes who had betrayed and killed the Qur’an reciters that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) had sent to them. Similarly he (may Allah’s peace be upon him) supplicated that Allah save some of his Companions from the plots of the Quraysh. Both narrations are found in Bukhari and Muslim.

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that whenever the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) wanted to supplicate against someone, or for someone, after he (may Allah’s peace be upon him) would stand up from ruku, he would say, “Allah hears him who praises Him, to you is the praise.” He would then say:

“Oh Allah, save Al-Walid ibn Al-Walid, Salamah ibn Hashim, Iyash ibn Abi Rab’iah, and the oppressed believers. Oh Allah, put hardship and pressure on the tribe of Mudar and give them years of famine like those during the time of Yusuf.”

He would say this aloud. In some of his (may Allah’s peace be upon him) prayers such as the fajr prayer, he would say: “Oh Allah, curse so and so”, cursing some tribes of Arabs until Allah revealed:

“Not for you is the decision whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punish them; they are the evildoers.”

3. Qunoot takes place after ruku in the last rak’ah of all the obligatory prayers, whether the prayer is silent or loud prayer when performed in congregation (
jama’ah). There is no harm if it is confined only to the loud prayers since there is no specific evidence concerning this, and as such the matter is flexible.

4. Qunoot can commence with supplicating against the oppressors without commencing with al-hamd since it seems to be closer with Prophetic practice. Were one to commence with praising Allah, there is no harm due to the generality of his (may Allah’s peace be upon him) saying, “If anyone makes du’aa, let him start with praising Allah, then invoking salah on the Prophet, then supplicating for what he wishes.” The same applies to invoking salah upon the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) – the matter is flexible.

5. We should not start this Qunoot by using the Qunoot of the witr prayer which starts with “Allahumma ihdina fi man hadayt…” because this, assuming that it is authentically reported as the Qunoot of witr prayer, is mentioned in a specific context and not as a general method. The Qunoot for calamity is for a completely different situation and different mannerisms are reported for it.

6. It is recommended to limit the du’aa to the calamity and not prolong it by mentioning other things -this in compliance with the practice of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him).

7. Du’aa should be pronounced loudly by the Imam, and those who follow him should respond by saying “aameen” after statements that contain request.

8. When the Imam praises or glorifies Allah, Mighty and Magnificent, those who follow him should keep quiet, not saying aamin, Ya Allah, Subhanaka, or anything similar. This has been explicitly stated by more than one of the tabi’in and early jurists.

9. If the specific calamity passes, the Imam should stop performing Qunoot in the prayers.

10. You must follow the Imam whom you pray behind when he makes Qunoot, even if you don’t agree with this opinion. This is because following the Imam in that which does not invalidate the prayer is obligatory. Qunoot in the view of those who do not allow it do not believe that it invalidates the prayer; the difference is whether it is a Sunnah or not.

11. We advise the Muslims to refrain from extremities in the Qunoot by beautifying it with poetic words. We should try to employ the supplications of the Messenger (may Allah’s peace be upon him) which were concise and comprehensive.

12. We must make supplication sincerely and reflect on its meaning in our heart. This is the means for it to be answered by Allah. The Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) said: “Know that Allah will not answer a supplication arising from a negligent and heedless heart.”

I urge Imams in the UK and other European Countries to practice this important way of supporting Muslims in Syria until they overcome this calamity. We call only upon Allah by way of His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes to remove the Muslims from calamity. He is the one able to do so, the All-Capable.


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[1] Sahih Muslim

[2] Al-Quran 22:38
[3] Al-Bukhari and Muslim
 

About Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad

Dr. Haitham al-Haddad is a jurist and serves as a judge for the Islamic Council of Europe. He has studied the Islamic sciences for over 20 years under the tutelage of renowned scholars such as the late Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia as well as the retired Head of the Kingdom's Higher Judiciary Council. He specialises in many of the Islamic sciences and submitted his doctoral thesis on Islamic jurisprudence concerning Muslim minorities. Shaikh Haitham is highly respected having specialised knowledge in the field of fiqh, usul al-fiqh, maqasid al-shari'ah, ulum al-Qur’an, tafsir, aqidah, and fiqh al-hadith. He provides complex theories which address the role of Islamic jurisprudence within a western environment whilst also critically re-analysing the approach of Islamic jurists in forming legal rulings (ifta’) within a western socio-political context. He has many well known students most of whom are active in dawah and teaching in the West. The shaikh is an Islamic jurist (faqih) and as such is qualified to deliver verdicts as a judge under Islamic law, a role he undertakes at the Islamic Council of Europe as Islamic judge and treasurer. Dr Haitham al-Haddad also sits on various the boards of advisors for Islamic organisations, mainly in the United Kingdom but also around the world.

11 comments

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  2. Mir Liyaqat Ali

    Oh Mulims Awake
    Oh Muslims Awake , Understand your enemies all around you, Pl stand on a single platform and solve the burning issues, and strengthen yourselves,always remember United we stand and divided we fall, you are being misguided to dig your grave yourself.
    May Allah Guide all the believers all over the globe. Ameen.
    Mir Liyaqat Ali

  3. SANUSI KAMARUDEEN

    encoragement
    strong>how do we encourage people to following the Syria with Qunut and Supplication for those people whom are not know how to read the Qur’an and them do know how to worship

  4. Regarding Qunoot
    Bismillah,
    Assalam u alaikum,
    I live in RIyadh, Saudi Arabia. SubhanAllah, I didn’t know how this Qunoot is performed until now, two days ago, I prayed Isha prayer in Masjid. At the end of last Rakah of Fardh Salat, the Imam started to recite a dua. I didn’t know ahy is he making dua now, but I could understand that he was reciting the Qunoot against the opperessors of Syria. Alhamdulillah. I felt so blessed to live in a Muslim state where we are aware of performing such acts of worship.

  5. Not so confusing
    The UN General assembly has voted on a non-binding resolution put forward by the Arab League to intervene in the internal affairs of Syria receiving a majority vote.

    Press TV has interviewed Franklin Lamb, Director for Americans concerned for Middle East peace in Beirut about the UN General Assembly vote outcome, the process that was undertaken and the importance of the decision. The discussion focuses on hypocrisy of the stance on Bahrain and Saudi Arabia’s oppressive monarchies demanding democracy in Syria. What follows is an approximate transcript of the interview.

    Press TV: We heard the Saudi envoy saying that this shows that the will of the international community is for some kind of intervention in Syria. The question is what kind of intervention should we be looking for?

    The West has been putting pressure on Syria, but we know it’s totally ignored the violent crackdowns for instance in Saudi Arabia itself and in Bahrain and this has raised questions about the issues of double standards and what those intentions are when one country that is not against democracy, who is not against dictatorship in one country, should be so concerned about the situation in another country. What are those intentions looking at?

    Lamb: Thank you. May I just say one thing about what happened yesterday. From the point of view of the sovereignty of all countries and the development of international law, what we saw in the General Assembly was a good thing.

    That is, because the Security Council was blocked by a veto as the Americans have blocked 42 times Zionist crimes in the Security Council, now, under the United for Peace resolution, the members went to the General Assembly for a vote. This is a very good thing as an instrument and I think we should acknowledge that.

    In the case of Palestine, the Americans have preemptively said they will block a Security Council for a Palestinian State, but this allows still the General Assembly to go on record and hopefully it will become a stronger vote.

    I’m not supporting the vote yesterday or its outcome although it’s true it gives the members an opportunity to express themselves. The decision was not binding as you know. Only the Security Council one was.

    But yes that vote I think hopefully we will see more of, as the General Assembly tries to take back some of the power from the Security Council that has become so politicized.

    With respect to the double standard… absolutely… it is laughable when some of these diplomats get up and argue. In this period really what we’re seeing is the rhetoric of a cold war with huge stakes. The Saudis know the Americans are by and large leaving the area and that they are going to have to face the Islamic awakening and the Arab uprising and they’re feeling that pressure.

    They should focus on their own society and giving those rights that they’re so quick to demand of the Syrians. Rights given to the Syrian people I think in the last three decades certainly exceed the rights given to the Saudi people and the Bahraini people.

    So this double standard I don’t think convinces anyone, but still I think the General Assembly has to rise up and have a bigger role as it exhibited yesterday.

    Press TV: Looking at the role that the Arab countries have been playing here especially Saudi Arabia and Qatar – some people have been asking, looking at their roles – these are countries where elections are not held; we’re seeing protesting take place; and absolute monarchy in Saudi Arabia so are they in a position to preach democracy in the case of Syria? What do you think is these countries’ role in the Syrian crisis?

    Lamb: I think the implication of your question is exactly right. These regimes are instruments of the American Zionist hegemony and they have been for the last 40 years.

    So, in a sense we’re not surprised. It’s a little embarrassing I would think for them to expose themselves in this way, but do we really – history being the judge – have the right to expect more from them because they have always acted in this way. They have not acted for the Arab nation or the Islamic nation or the Palestinian cause. They’ve been in the pocket of the Americans and the Zionists.

    Look who the Bahraini Ambassador has been to Washington and what he says about Zionism and praising Israel. So these are not representative of Muslims I think or Arabs on the issue that is the key cause of the conflict in the Middle East and beyond.

    So I dismiss their comments as predictable and showing that they’re in the pockets of the Zionists and the American administration and they’re under increasing pressure because that hegemony is being shifted out of the region and they’re being exposed

  6. March in solidarity with the Muslims of Syria
    JazakAllah for this shaikh.

    We can further send out a message to both the Muslims of Syria and the tyrants that currently occupy the palaces of Damascus.

    TO THE MUSLIMS OF SYIA – we can tell them that we support you in your goal to liberate yourself from the shackles of dictatorship to the freedom of Islam.

    TO THE TYRANTS IN SYRIA WHOSE HEAD IS ASSAD – know that your days are numbered and that when Allah seizes you inshallah he will never let you go

    SO MUSLIMS OF THE UK – our Prophet (saw) told us “The master of martyrs (sayyid al-shuhada) is Hamza, and a man who stands up to a tyrant ruler and gives him nasiha (advice). And so the ruler kills him”

    The Prophet (SAW) continued to say : ‘By Allah you have to enjoin good (Maroof) and forbid evil (Munkar), and hold against the hand of the unjust ruler (Zalim), and force him on the truth strongly, or you have to limit him to the truth’.

    We are not in the presence of Assad here but we can approach his wakeel in the form of the Syrian embassy and inshallah fulfill the same commandment

    MARCH THIS SATURDAY 18th of February. CONGREGATE AT PADDINGTON AT 2pm AND MARCH TO THE SYRIAN EMBASSY

  7. how about sisters at home praying on their own?
    “1. What is meant here by Qunoot is to supplicate collectively to Allah, Mighty and Magnificent, in obligatory congregational prayers to relieve a calamity that has afflicted a group of Muslims”

    For the sisters, may we make Qunoot on our own at home?

  8. how about the sisters at home
    “1. What is meant here by Qunoot is to supplicate collectively to Allah, Mighty and Magnificent, in obligatory congregational prayers to relieve a calamity that has afflicted a group of Muslims”

    For the sisters, may we make Qunoot on our own at home?

  9. Allahuakbar.. Stand up muslim and together we get a freedom for syiria.

  10. Conflicting Reports
    Assalaamu alaykum Sheikh,

    What do you think about the TV stations that are reporting conflicting stories?
    Some, like the western tv stations, that are pro-rebels and other stations, in the east, that say that the snipers, and those setting off bombs are armed gangs from Libya, Israel, etc being supported by Saudi, Qatar, West, etc to over-throw one of the anti-west regimes in the Middle East.

    How can we really know who is responsible?

  11. Conflicting Reports?
    Assalaamu alaykum Sheikh,

    What do you think about the TV stations that are reporting conflicting stories?
    Some, like the western tv stations, that are pro-rebels and other stations, in the east, that say that the snipers, and those setting off bombs are armed gangs from Libya, Israel, etc being supported by Saudi, Qatar, West, etc to over-throw one of the anti-west regimes in the Middle East.

    How can we really know who is responsible?

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