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Inciting the Qunut for the Believers of Egypt

Inciting the Qunut for the Believers of Egypt

All praise is due to Allah, the One who hears that which is whispered and all secrets concealed, the One who provides relief from tragedies and hardship. Peace and blessings be upon the Chosen Prophet, his family and all of his Companions.

The current situation that is being faced by the believing men and women of Egypt obligates all Muslims to support their brethren in any way they can. Amongst the most important obligations, in this regard, is to aid our brethren by means of the supplication, this being one of the most potent means of holding back calamity.In this context, one of the most significant forms of supplication is the qunut, and concerning its rules and methodology the following is a brief explanation.

The Qunoot is a supplication to Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent, to relieve a calamity that has afflicted a group of Muslims. The main shar’ii evidence for this act is the qunut of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) for one full month which he performed against some of the Arab tribes that had betrayed him and massacred the Qur’an reciters that the Prophet had sent to them. Similarly, he supplicated that Allah save some of his Companions from the evil designs of the Quraysh. Both these narrations are found in the two famous authentic books, Bukhari and Muslim.

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that whenever the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) wanted to supplicate against someone (or for someone), he would offer his normal prayers and after standing from ruku he would say, “Allah hears him who praises Him, for You is praise.” He would then say,

“Oh Allah, save Al-Walid ibn Al-Walid, Salamah ibn Hashim, Iyash ibn Abi Rab’iah, and the oppressed believers. Oh Allah, put hardship and pressure on the tribe of Mudar and give them years of famine like those during the time of Yusuf.”He would say this aloud. In some of his prayers, such as the fajr prayer, he would say, “Oh Allah, curse so and so”, cursing some tribes of Arabs until Allah revealed, “Not for you is the decision whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punish them; they are the evildoers.”

The qunut takes place after ruku in the last rak’ah of all maktubaat (the obligatory prayers), whether the congregational prayer is silent or aloud. There is no harm if it be confined only to the loud prayers since there is no specific evidence concerning this, and as such the matter is flexible.

The qunut can begin with supplicating against the oppressor(s) without commencing the hamd (praising of Allah), and there is no harm in this as it seems to be closer to the exact practice of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) in the ahadith previously mentioned. Were one to commence with praising Allah, then there is no harm due to the generality of the Prophet’s saying, “If anyone supplicates, let him start with praising Allah, then invoking salah on the Prophet, then supplicating for what he wishes.” The same applies to invoking salah upon the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) – the matter is entirely flexible.

However, we should not start this qunut by using the qunut of the witr (Allahumma ‘ihdina fi man hadaita…), because this, assuming that it is authentically reported as being from the qunut of the witr, is mentioned in a specific context and not as a generality. The qunut for calamity is a completely different situation and different actions are prescribed for it.

It is recommended to limit the supplication to the calamity and not to prolong it by mentioning various other things, this being in compliance with the practice of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him). The supplication should be pronounced loudly by the Imam, and those who follow him should respond by saying “aamin” after statements that contain a request. When and if the Imam praises or glorifies Allah, those who follow him should keep quiet, and not saying ‘aamin’, ‘ya Allah’, ‘subhanaka’, or the likes – more than one of the tabi’in (students of the Companions) and fuqaha (jurists) have textually stated this. If the specific calamity passes, the Imam should refrain from performing this qunut in the prayers.

One must follow the Imam when he makes qunut, even if you were to disagree with this opinion. This is because following the Imam in that which does invalidate the prayer is obligatory. Qunut, in the view of those who do not allow it, do not believe that it invalidates the prayer – the difference is opinion is whether it is a Sunnah or not. Furthermore, we advise Muslims to refrain from extremities in the qunut by beautifying it with poetic words. We should try to employ the supplications of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) which were concise and comprehensive.

We must supplicate sincerely and reflect on its meaning in our heart for this is the means for it to be answered by Allah. The Prophet (may Allah’s peace be upon him) said, “know that Allah will not answer a supplication arising from a negligent and heedless heart.”

I urge all Imams in the West to practice this imperative way of aiding the Muslims in Egypt until they overcome the calamity that has afflicted them, may Allah increase them in righteousness and grant them what they seek. We ask Allah (alone) by His most beautiful names and lofty attributes to remove such calamities wherever they take root. He is the One able to do so, the All-Capable.I also urge all Muslims to present this to their local Imams and encourage them to perform the qunut as soon as possible, and continuously, for this is a great time of need.

May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, Muhammad, upon his family and all his Companions.

Notes:
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About Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad

Dr. Haitham al-Haddad is a jurist and serves as a judge for the Islamic Sharia Council (UK & Eire). He has studied the Islamic sciences for over 20 years under the tutelage of renowned scholars such as the late Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia as well as the retired Head of the Kingdom's Higher Judiciary Council. He specialises in many of the Islamic sciences and submitted his doctoral thesis on Islamic jurisprudence concerning Muslim minorities. Shaikh Haitham is highly respected having specialised knowledge in the field of fiqh, usul al-fiqh, maqasid al-shari'ah, ulum al-Qur’an, tafsir, aqidah, and fiqh al-hadith. He provides complex theories which address the role of Islamic jurisprudence within a western environment whilst also critically re-analysing the approach of Islamic jurists in forming legal rulings (ifta’) within a western socio-political context. He has many well known students most of whom are active in dawah and teaching in the West. The shaikh is an Islamic jurist (faqih) and as such is qualified to deliver verdicts as a judge under Islamic law, a role he undertakes at the Islamic Sharia Council as Islamic judge and treasurer. Dr Haitham al-Haddad also sits on various the boards of advisors for Islamic organisations, mainly in the United Kingdom but also around the world.

14 comments

  1. raising hands when doing dua qunut?
    Assalaamualaykum

    I wnted to ask if we should raise the hands or keep them by our side or chest when doing the dua qunut? Jazakhallah

  2. Question about uprising
    Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatAllah,
    I was just wondering if anyone can post the ahadith that refer to the impermissibility of uprising against the leader. If that is too difficult perhaps a point in the right direction like the chapter in Bukhari or Muslim or Daud etc.
    My question is what do the scholars say about uprising and what is the evidence they provide? I want to know whether it is impermissible only to rise up against the khalifah or if it is impermissible to rise up against any ruler, even if he is a kafir.
    If I recall correctly both Abu Bakr and Umar bin al-khattab radiAllahu anhuma gave speeches to the people when each was a khalifah. Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu said something along the lines of straighten me if I become crooked. I don’t have the exact text or translation so excuse any mistakes I make, astaghfurAllah. Also, Umar radiAllahu anhu praised a man who stood up during Umar’s radiAllahu anhu speech and vowed to use the sword against Umar radiAllahu anhu if he became corrupt. How can we be against rising against a corrupt leader if the two men most often seen with Rasool Allah sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam supported it when they themselves were rulers of the entire Ummah

  3. Dont judge the muslims of Egypt
    Son of Adam you are slandering the egyptians, you dont know whats in their hearts. How can u expect them to be perfect muslims after having lived decades under secular oppresive regimes??? You seem to be rather contributing the cause of the kuffar, you want us to look down upon them so we stay quite and relaxed whilst the kuffar beat them.

    And just for the record, they want sharia. Leave what the media tells you and read the statistics inshaallah.

    http://www.gallup.com/poll/104731/muslims-want-democracy-theocracy.aspx

  4. urgent
    salaam alaykum

    please write Qunut in arabic wityh transliteration for non arabic speakers for destruction of enemies of Allah and mercy of Allah on people of egypt.

    jazakAllahukhair

  5. urgent
    salaam alaykum

    please write Qunut in arabic wityh transliteration for non arabic speakers for destruction of enemies of Allah and mercy of Allah on people of egypt.

    jazakAllahukhair

  6. Dua for all Believers
    We should as Muslims make sincere dua for all our brethren and that includes the Egyptian Muslims.

  7. Fitnah
    Bismillaah.
    From the Sunnah and the manhajus Salaf, In general, rulers are to be obeyed and respected whether they be just or unjust. They must be obeyed in that which is good. It is not permissible to rebel against them unless we know for cetainty if the present ruler is removed and definately a better ruler will replace him. Otherwise we carry on making dua for the ruler, advice in secret, write letters etc. What good is this rebelling in egyst doing for its people and its country? No security, police run off, criminials are out from prisons, looting, killing, burglary rampant, shops are closed, economy has declined etc etc. Yet Mubarak is still there. Which Scholar of the Sunnah permitted this uprising??? These brothers and sisters want democracy, Ekhwan al-Muslimoon are no where to be seen. But atleast if they do get democracy it will be better than dictorship. Islam will prevail eventually in a democracy.

  8. Best time for Dua
    Oh Ummaaaah…. Our Brothers and Sisters are in NEED of Dua, which is the Biggest Weapon of a Believer!

    And the Best time to make Dua is Qay’yaam ul’layl and the last hour of Friday and the time of when it Rains and when are Sick/ill and are Travelling and in Sujood.

    These are SOME of the BEST times to Make Dua for our Brothers and Sisters in Egypt.

  9. What is the problem?
    Assalam alaikum wa RahmatUllah

    Why are people objecting to qunoot for Egypt?
    It is a Muslim country , right?
    The Egyptians are ‘believers’ (=Muslims), right (even if they do not wear hijab, or use faceboo, doesn’t make them non-believers, does it?
    People are dying, and have been hurt and injured, and it is a fitnah, right?

    So you do not want to pray to Allah:
    Oh Allah, remove the fitnah and hardship from the Muslims of Egypt and change their condition that is one that is better,
    Allahumma la tusallit ‘alaihim bidhonoobihim man laa yakhafuka wa la yarhamana
    Do not put in authority over them someone who does not fear You or have mercy over them.

    That Allah changes their condition to one that is better, in which the people of piety are honoured, the people of evil are debased, where there is Amr bil ma’roof and nahi ‘an al munkar – enjoining good and forbidding evil.

    Does anyone have a problem with this?

    Why the fuss?

  10. WE NEED TO MAKE DUA
    Assalaamu alaikum

    We the Ummah I suggest should read HASBUNALLAH, RABUNALLAH , ANTA RABUNNA, ANTA HASBUNA. This is the only way can help ourselves!!

    Ma’asalaam eff

  11. Masha’Allah, son of Adam
    Assalaamu alaikum

    I totally agree with Son of Adam. Alhamdulillah somebody is speaking about the pitiable state of the muslim Ummah. We The Muslim Ummah have to re-access our beliefs, look within ourselves first and be seriously strict with ourselves and address the issues within ourselves, the biggest being ‘NAFS’. I suggest we all should read HASBUNALLAH, RABUNALLAH and ANTA RABUNNA ANTA HASBUNNA continuously instead of ‘Qunut’.

    Ma’asalaam eff

    Ma’Assalaam

  12. Spread the message of Allah as much as possible…
    Inshallah, time is verey near for one UMMA, ALLAH is preparing us for the upcoming event, followers of satin preparing for dajjal/antichrist and true followers of ALLAh, preparing of Imam Mehdi……..

    Allah bless all, who striving for spread the message of oneness of Allah.

  13. Egyptians should not have risen up!
    Assalamu alaikum. Noone denies that Egyptians live under oppression but we Muslims in the West have less Islam than they do. We would not dream of calling for an uprising in the West so why should we support this “revolution” which has caused nothing but death and destruction in Egypt. Is Sheikh Haitham supporting the rebellion even though this type of uprising is well-known to be against our religion? Moreover, twice before Mubarak Egyptians rebelled against their ruler and each subsequent ruler was worse. Noone is saying Mubarak is anything other than a trial upon the Egyptians but in our religion an evil should only be removed if it does not cause a greater evil. Anyone who has been to Egypt will know that, with regret, the most of the Muslims there are not upon the Sunnah – far, far from it so after Mubarak, what do they think will happen except a more oppressive ruler who will be even harsher so that he does not suffer his predecessor’s fate? We think we don’t have to apply the Shari’ah in our personal lives but we expect that the ruler will rule by the Shari’ah! We disobey Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and expect that Abu Bakr will be sent to rule us. Insha’allah the days of oppression will be removed by Allah but not this way and what a pity that Sheikh Haitham is sitting on the fence when he knows the Egyptians were wrong to rise up – if anything, he appears to be supporting the rebels, most of whom are clean-shaven, hijab-free, Facebook freaks who have been incited by the US to call for a secular state – they’re not even calling for Islam so why should we support them?

  14. We need to make Dua and do the Actions
    We need our scholars to tell the Muslim ummah the way forward in Tunisia & Egypt. They need to tell them that we need to work for the Islamic Khilafah and that we need to make dua for this inshallah and support those who are working for it. This will be the only salvation for the Islamic Ummah.

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